Berlin (dpa) – At the beginning of the cold season, heating costs are kept low. However, with the turn of the year, there will be a jump in prices. Because then in Germany a surcharge is paid for the CO2 released for fossil fuels.
The comparison portal Check24 reported that gas heating is eight percent cheaper at the beginning of the heating period than in the previous year. Heating oil has also been cheaper than ever in the last ten years. In September and October 2020, heating oil customers would therefore have 43% lower heating costs than in the same period of the previous year. The heating requirement has hardly changed compared to the previous year.
The information portal Tecson reported this Friday a national average price of 40.2 euros per 100 liters (with a purchase of 3000 liters, VAT included). The Esyoil portal reported a national average of 37 to 38 euros per 100 liters for a standard delivery.
One of the reasons for the drop in prices since the beginning of the year is the lower price of crude oil. This has to do with the collapse of the global economy due to the Corona crisis. There is also a strong euro. Oil is traded internationally in US dollars.
The Mineralölwirtschaftsverband (mineral oil industry association) said that because the lower price of oil has also significantly reduced heating oil prices this year, the time to fill the tanks is very good. After strong demand in spring and summer, a certain “saturation effect” can be experienced immediately.
The price of CO2 will start in January 2021: fuel, heating oil and natural gas will be more expensive. The federal government’s goal is to make fossil fuels less attractive and to encourage the shift to more climate-friendly alternatives. The fixed price of CO2 starts at € 25 per ton and then gradually increases over the next few years.
According to the Ministry of the Environment, this means that the price of a liter of gasoline is 7 cents and that of diesel 7.9 cents. Heating oil is 7.9 cents more expensive per liter, natural gas is 0.6 cents per kilowatt hour.
In order to socially cushion the rising costs, there are billions in relief elsewhere: in the price of electricity and in the allowance for employees with longer trips.
According to Check24, a model home with an energy consumption of 20,000 kilowatt hours will pay 119 euros more for gas and 158 euros more for diesel next year. Because higher emissions are estimated for heating oil than for gas, oil-heated consumers would face higher additional costs.
According to the energy association BDEW, the most widely used source of heating energy in Germany is gas. This applies to both new and existing apartments. According to this, half of all apartments in Germany are heated with gas. Diesel is used for heating in a good quarter of the apartments. This is followed by district heating.
In the case of new residential construction, on the other hand, oil heating played almost no role. In newly built apartments, gas heating systems are number one with a share of about 37 percent. The second most common would be the use of electric heat pumps. Replacing old oil-to-gas or district heating systems could save up to 14 million tons of CO2.
Environmental associations criticize that the entry price of CO2 from 2021 is too low to have a steering effect, that is, for citizens to buy a greener car or a new heating system.