Gütersloh (dpa) – According to a new study, employment beyond a mini job is financially unattractive for many women and mothers.
According to the study published by the Bertelsmann Stiftung, “For whom is the job worth it?” the high taxes and duties associated with part-time or full-time employment in the low-wage sector.
Andreas Peichl and Maximilian Blömer from the Ifo Institute in Munich investigated for the Bertelsmann Foundation what percentage of gross income in the low-wage sector is retained by the state. An example: if the husband earns 48,000 euros gross per year, the wife would earn an additional 5,400 euros per year with a mini job of around 10 hours per week and an hourly wage of 10 euros, without any deductions due to the special regulation of the mini jobs.
If, on the other hand, the woman accepted a part-time job with 20 hours a week with the same gross hourly wage, the family would have an additional 6,293 euros per year. “A second source of income would have to work twice as hard to not have an extra € 1,000 in its pocket a year,” said foundation board member Jörg Dräger.
The incomes of single fathers, and therefore often mothers, in the low-wage area are affected even more than by married people. For single-parent families with two children who receive unemployment benefit II, employment beyond a small job that pays at 100 euros a month hardly pays off. Of a € 450 mini-job, only € 2,040 a year remained. That’s 38 percent of the additional income earned.
The burden is greatest in the low-wage sector for single people without children. In a full-time job with a gross hourly wage of € 10, they earned only € 5,283 more per year than when they were unemployed. Converted, this means that with a full-time job they would have an average of only 2.50 euros net per hour more than with unemployment benefit.
“In the low-wage sector, the obstacles to accepting a job are too high,” Dräger said. However, low thresholds are important for these jobs to fulfill their role of entry into the labor market. Women and mothers must be freed from the trap of small and small jobs. To this end, additional income regulations must be adapted for single persons and single parent families. However, in order to strengthen the incentives for “second earners” to access work, a restriction of mini-jobs and a reform of the separation of spouses are of vital importance.
According to figures from the mini-workplace (September 30), around 6.4 million mini-workers are registered in Germany in the commercial sector and in private households. 3.8 million of them are women. The average profit in the commercial sector last year was around 320 euros, in private households a good 187 euros.